Dislocation refers to a condition in which the patella (kneecap) is completely displaced from its normal alignment. Majority of patella dislocations occur towards the lateral (outside) side of the knee.
Often caused by a blow or sudden change in direction, but may be a associated with a shallow femoral groove, weak inner quadriceps or tight lateral muscles.
Pain will be felt immediately following a patella dislocation injury with soreness persisting a few days following.
To prevent further dislocation a variety of knee brace options are available, usually featuring a “C” or “O” shaped pad, to stabilize the patella during daily activities.
Recommended by The Bracing Experts
The Knee-O-Trakker is an orthopedic knee brace designed to provide maximum patella control with its textured C-shaped buttress and versatile strapping system.
The Knee-O-Trakker is indicated for patellar instability, patellofemoral syndrome and as part of a rehabilitation program for patellar tendon injuries.
The Knee-O-Trakker is manufactured from premium-grade latex-free neoprene and compression-molded textured neoprene buttress and/or lightweight, breathable, antimicrobial CoolTex Ag material. It also features an EVA foam buttress that is both neoprene and latex-free. With its adjustable tension control, the Knee-O-Trakker provides a dynamic treatment that helps prevent patella subluxation and knee cap dislocation.
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Four ligaments and the patella tendon support the patella (knee). A stretch or tear in the tendon is termed a “strain,” whereas a stretch or tear in one of the four ligaments is termed a “sprain”.
Following a variety of knee surgeries, a post-operational brace may be recommended to promote proper recovery by reducing or immobilizing the patella’s (knee) range of motion.
A condition that produces abnormal stresses on the under-surface of the kneecap (patella) due to tracking abnormalities. Pain may vary from mild to severe discomfort.
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides cushion between the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone). A meniscus injury may include symptoms of pain, swelling and stiffness, and difficulty bending/ straightening the patella (knee).
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in the knee and involves bone-on-bone rubbing of the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone).
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) are located on the medial (inner) and lateral (outer) side of the knee. The attach to the distal (bottom) end of the femur (thighbone) and proximal (top) end of the tibia (shinbone) to play an important role in joint strength and stability. A torn MCL/LCL may include symptoms of pain, swelling and stiffness, tenderness along the inside/outside of the knee and instability.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) attach at the distal (bottom) end of the femur (thighbone) and proximal (top) end of the tibia (shinbone). The ACL/PCL play an important role in stabilizing the patella (knee).
Synovial fluid lubricates the knee to reduce friction and help the leg swing smoothly. A buildup of fluid may result in a fluid-filled cyst originating on the popliteal bursa (back of the knee). Some individuals may experience no pain, while others may notice swelling and inability to fully flex the knee.
Inflammation below the knee at the point where the tendon from the kneecap (patella) attaches to the shinbone (tibia).
Articular cartilage covers the ends of bones inside a joint. Chondromalacia is most common in the knee and involves the softening and breakdown of this cartilage.
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