Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in the knee and involves bone-on-bone rubbing of the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone).
“Wear and tear”. The natural cushioning between joints, called cartilage, has worn away. This causes bones within a joint to rub together causing inflammation and pain. Age, genetics, repetitive stress and gender are contributing factors to OA.
Daily movement involving flexion/ extension of the knee causes the bones to rub together and can cause varying pain in individuals.
Staying active is a great way to counteract some symptoms of osteoarthritis. Managing OA pain will often require a combination of options. Talk with your doctor or visit us to find a pain management combination that works for you.
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Four ligaments and the patella tendon support the patella (knee). A stretch or tear in the tendon is termed a “strain,” whereas a stretch or tear in one of the four ligaments is termed a “sprain”.
Following a variety of knee surgeries, a post-operational brace may be recommended to promote proper recovery by reducing or immobilizing the patella’s (knee) range of motion.
Dislocation refers to a condition in which the patella (kneecap) is completely displaced from its normal alignment. Majority of patella dislocations occur towards the lateral (outside) side of the knee.
A condition that produces abnormal stresses on the under-surface of the kneecap (patella) due to tracking abnormalities. Pain may vary from mild to severe discomfort.
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides cushion between the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone). A meniscus injury may include symptoms of pain, swelling and stiffness, and difficulty bending/ straightening the patella (knee).
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) are located on the medial (inner) and lateral (outer) side of the knee. The attach to the distal (bottom) end of the femur (thighbone) and proximal (top) end of the tibia (shinbone) to play an important role in joint strength and stability. A torn MCL/LCL may include symptoms of pain, swelling and stiffness, tenderness along the inside/outside of the knee and instability.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) attach at the distal (bottom) end of the femur (thighbone) and proximal (top) end of the tibia (shinbone). The ACL/PCL play an important role in stabilizing the patella (knee).
Synovial fluid lubricates the knee to reduce friction and help the leg swing smoothly. A buildup of fluid may result in a fluid-filled cyst originating on the popliteal bursa (back of the knee). Some individuals may experience no pain, while others may notice swelling and inability to fully flex the knee.
Inflammation below the knee at the point where the tendon from the kneecap (patella) attaches to the shinbone (tibia).
Articular cartilage covers the ends of bones inside a joint. Chondromalacia is most common in the knee and involves the softening and breakdown of this cartilage.
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