Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs that separate your back bones (vertebrae). As the space between the vertebrae gets smaller, there is less padding between them, and the spine becomes less stable.
As we age, our spinal discs break down, or degenerate, which may result in degenerative disc disease in some people. This can often lead herniated discs, stenosis and osteoarthritis.
The pain may start after a major injury (such as from a car accident), a minor injury (such as a fall from a low height), or a normal motion (such as bending over to pick something up). It may also start gradually for no known reason and get worse over time.
The main purpose of a properly fitted back brace to help stabilize the spine and promote proper posture. Helping the vertebrae align properly with right amount compression can reduce the stress on the discs and provide comfort.
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There are two joints in your lower back, and they sit on each side of your spine. Their main job is to carry the weight of your upper body when you stand or walk and shift that load to your legs. They can get too loose and also get stuck.
Osteoarthritis of the spine is common with aging. It involves two things. A breakdown of the cartilage in the facet joints, which link together the spine’s vertebrae. Abnormal bony growths, called osteophytes or bone spurs develop on the vertebrae.
Facet joints allow for small movements between adjacent vertebrae in the spine. Facet joint syndrome, or osteoarthritis, occurs when facet joints become worn or torn, creating bone spurs, or enlarging the joints.
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb. When it becomes irritated it creates pain and discomfort.
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. It can be caused by several problems, including overgrowth of bone or other tissue or by a herniated disc. When the spinal canal gets too narrow, it can squeeze and irritate your spinal cord or nearby nerve roots.
A Herniated disc is an abnormal bulge or breaking open of a spinal disc. These spinal disc are what separate your back bones (vertebrae). It may push on the nerves and cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the area where that nerve travels. Most herniated discs happen in the lower back.
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