A Herniated disc is an abnormal bulge or breaking open of a spinal disc. These spinal disc are what separate your back bones (vertebrae). It may push on the nerves and cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the area where that nerve travels. Most herniated discs happen in the lower back.
As you grow older, your discs become flatter and less cushiony. If a disc becomes too weak combined with daily activities, an accident or a repetitive motion the outer part may tear.
The pain usually is worse when you are active and gets better when you are resting. Coughing, sneezing, sitting, driving, and bending forward may make the pain worse. The pain gets worse when you make these movements because there is more pressure on the nerve.
Three words: Posture. Posture. Posture. Knowing the location of the herniated disc is really important. This can help us fit you with a brace that will best align your spine in order to take pressure off the disc and reduce pressing on the nerve.
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There are two joints in your lower back, and they sit on each side of your spine. Their main job is to carry the weight of your upper body when you stand or walk and shift that load to your legs. They can get too loose and also get stuck.
Osteoarthritis of the spine is common with aging. It involves two things. A breakdown of the cartilage in the facet joints, which link together the spine’s vertebrae. Abnormal bony growths, called osteophytes or bone spurs develop on the vertebrae.
Facet joints allow for small movements between adjacent vertebrae in the spine. Facet joint syndrome, or osteoarthritis, occurs when facet joints become worn or torn, creating bone spurs, or enlarging the joints.
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb. When it becomes irritated it creates pain and discomfort.
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. It can be caused by several problems, including overgrowth of bone or other tissue or by a herniated disc. When the spinal canal gets too narrow, it can squeeze and irritate your spinal cord or nearby nerve roots.
Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs that separate your back bones (vertebrae). As the space between the vertebrae gets smaller, there is less padding between them, and the spine becomes less stable.
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