A sprained lower back is when the ligaments (connect bone to bone) are over stretched. A strained lower back affects the tendons and muscles. The tendons connect muscle to bone. The over stretching causes microscopic tears of varying degrees in these tissues.
Most people complain of a single action that caused it. “I bent over to pick something up and hurt my back.” Yes, a single act like a fall or accident can cause lumbar strain or sprains but it is usually an accumulative result due to actions that you have been doing for days, months or years.
Lower back pain doesn’t not discriminate! Standing, sitting, laying down… it hurts when it wants to hurt. Usually under additional stress such as lifting, excessive bending over, over weight and poor posture.
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There are two joints in your lower back, and they sit on each side of your spine. Their main job is to carry the weight of your upper body when you stand or walk and shift that load to your legs. They can get too loose and also get stuck.
Osteoarthritis of the spine is common with aging. It involves two things. A breakdown of the cartilage in the facet joints, which link together the spine’s vertebrae. Abnormal bony growths, called osteophytes or bone spurs develop on the vertebrae.
Facet joints allow for small movements between adjacent vertebrae in the spine. Facet joint syndrome, or osteoarthritis, occurs when facet joints become worn or torn, creating bone spurs, or enlarging the joints.
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb. When it becomes irritated it creates pain and discomfort.
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. It can be caused by several problems, including overgrowth of bone or other tissue or by a herniated disc. When the spinal canal gets too narrow, it can squeeze and irritate your spinal cord or nearby nerve roots.
A Herniated disc is an abnormal bulge or breaking open of a spinal disc. These spinal disc are what separate your back bones (vertebrae). It may push on the nerves and cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the area where that nerve travels. Most herniated discs happen in the lower back.
Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs that separate your back bones (vertebrae). As the space between the vertebrae gets smaller, there is less padding between them, and the spine becomes less stable.
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